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Category: Cryptocurrency exchange

Central Bank Digital Currency is the digital form of a country’s fiat currency, which is regulated by its central bank. Tether is a stablecoin, a cryptocurrency pegged to and backed by fiat currencies like the U.S. dollar. While the Petro is the official government cryptocurrency, many Venezuelans use other cryptocurrencies.


Consequently, Venezuelans experiencing the brunt of economic instability will see no relief from the cryptocurrency. Unlike other asset classes which don’t necessarily need to be stored in some special place, cryptocurrencies have private keys which must be guarded inside a reliable wallet. Owing to the controversies surrounding this cryptocurrency, Google had suspended Petro’s native digital wallet app from its store. Thereafter, the Venezuelan government began issuing purchase certificates, which qualify as temporary ‘Wallets’ and a ‘Proofs of Ownership’ of the cryptocurrency. The cryptocurrency exchanges offering Petro as a tradable cryptocurrency may also provide their integrated web wallets to store the coins.

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These are mostly custodial wallets, especially when held in a cryptocurrency exchange. They aren’t a very safe way to store cryptocurrencies, as people have lost their entire crypto holdings stored in such exchange wallets, in the past. The Venezuelan government was suspected of surreptitiously hard forking the Petro when it took the cryptocurrency offline for maintenance for five days in May 2020. Once the blockchain was relaunched, according to the online news service CoinTelegraph, the Petro’s genesis block, the first block in a blockchain, was dated May 5, 2020, according to the official block explorer. Other block explorers record October 13, 2018 for the generation of the genesis block.

Three blocks away, in the vice president’s sprawling offices, Gabriel Jiménez was sitting blearily at an enormous glass conference table, pounding away at a laptop. Lanky, with big black glasses set between a scruffy beard and a receding hairline, Mr. Jiménez had spent months designing and coding every detail of the Petro. Now, alongside his lead programmer, he was racing to make it operational, despite the fact that basic decisions had still not been made.

The head of Venezuela’s state-backed petro cryptocurrency has been added to the U.S Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s Most Wanted list. As of January, 2020, Venezuelan president Nicolás Maduro decreed it mandatory to pay with petro for government document services and airplane fuel for planes flying international flights. With the Venezuelan economy crippled by an over-supply of oil, many workers dependent on the industry were left without income. The government resorted to solving its economic woes by simply printing massive amounts of their currency — the bolivar.

In contrast, a cryptocurrency like Bitcoin’s price fluctuates based on demand. Additionally, the petro/bolivar exchange rate, as explained in the petro whitepaper, includes a discount factor determined by the Venezuelan government. Rather than avoid centralized control over the market, the petro is subject to arbitrary discount factor adjustment, fluctuating oil prices, and a corrupt government known for manipulating its currency. There exists a very real danger that the petro will not only fail to cure Venezuela’s economic woes but will also weaken the integrity of cryptocurrencies writ-large. The economic situation in Venezuela has been deteriorating steadily for many years, as the country is under sanctions.

The amount of technical proficiency required to effectively use an exchange platform is a commonly overlooked aspect in first-time purchases of cryptocurrencies. Despite the fact that cryptocurrencies are becoming more and more user-friendly with each passing year, the complexity of exchanges continues to be a major hurdle for newcomers. Bitcoin news portal providing breaking news, guides, price analysis about decentralized digital money & blockchain technology. That account in June transferred a total of around 13 million tokens to about a dozen anonymous accounts, NEM records show. Those tokens could have been worth about $850 million at official prices to the Venezuelan Treasury.

However, it’s not considered safe to leave one’s crypto holdings in an exchange wallet, as there have been some major mishaps in the past. Please note, there will be no need of a wallet set-up if you use a CFD to invest in PTR. In December 2017, pursuant to Decree 3196, the Venezuelan government announced that it would create its own cryptocurrency—the petro—that could be issued, mined, and traded in Venezuela. The petro officially launched in February 2018, and the government intended for it to be backed by Venezuela’s oil and mineral reserves.

Reuters, the news and media division of Thomson Reuters, is the world’s largest multimedia news provider, reaching billions of people worldwide every day. Reuters provides business, financial, national and international news to professionals via desktop terminals, the world’s media organizations, industry events and directly to consumers. Not so long ago, Wall Street laughed off this cryptocurrency as history’s biggest fad. And lawmakers considered bitcoin as mainly a tool by drug dealers, money launders, and other seedy characters. “The war will prompt countries to re-evaluate their currency dependencies… Even before the war, several governments were looking to play a more active role in digital currencies and define the regulatory frameworks under which they operate,” he said.

For Mr. Jiménez, there was a certain comfort in seeing the lack of luxury, given the privation in the rest of Venezuela. It was nighttime, and a van took them through heavily armed roadblocks to the military base where the president kept his personal home, known as La Roca. An aging Chevy Camaro sat in the courtyard, next to a kid’s trampoline.


Due to the unorganized launch by the Venezuelan government, scammers were able to establish their own “petro” currencies on various cryptocurrency platforms, though these schemes did not garner much success. However, the majority of cryptocurrency trades in Venezuela are carried out by companies trading bolivares to combat inflation. Expats would use cryptocurrency to send remittances back to their home country, where family members could convert the currency into bolivars to pay their bills. Venezuela’s peer-to-peer Bitcoin activity remains particularly extraordinary, with citizen distrust of the government paving the way. During this time, the people of Venezuela were already using cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin to make peer-to-peer transactions that were immune to interference from the Venezuelan government.

However, the technical aspects of issuing such virtual currency remain unknown. Most likely, the concept of the coin is still just in written form without any real implementation. In terms of Bitcoin and other altcoins, they have already become very popular in Venezuela, as its citizens use it to protect crypto+petro themselves against hyperinflation. The petro differs significantly from other popular cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Dashcoin, and Litecoin that circulate widely. The price of one petro is pegged to the price of one barrel of Venezuelan oil – claimed by Maduro to be about $60 as of this writing.

  • CARACAS, June Venezuelan food delivery driver Pablo Toro has no stake in cryptocurrency or blockchain, but indirectly uses digital tokens every time he sends money to his family.
  • In terms of Bitcoin and other altcoins, they have already become very popular in Venezuela, as its citizens use it to protect themselves against hyperinflation.
  • Check out CoinGeek’sBitcoin for Beginnerssection, the ultimate resource guide to learn more about Bitcoin—as originally envisioned by Satoshi Nakamoto—and blockchain.
  • For Toro, the platform is more reliable than informal money changers, the main channel for Venezuelan migrants to send money home.

In fact, some of them may even permit you to buy PTR with no verification at all. Be that as it may, you’ll be entirely on your own when you transact on any such portal. In general, it’s only the regulated brokers and exchanges that are considered the best for secure PTR purchases.


In case you choose to buy a crypto coin’s ownership and not use the speculative trading route to exploit its price movements, you will require a piece of software called a cryptocurrency wallet, to store your coins. There are several options available in the market, each one of which we’ll briefly explore and throw light on below. Buying Petro with credit/debit cardsCredit and debit cards enjoy the maximum penetration as a means of online/offline payment throughout the world.

Regulated brokerage services are considered safer than unregulated cryptocurrency exchange platforms. Buying Petro with bank transferApart from being the most popular method for depositing funds to the brokerage and exchange platforms, a bank transfer is also amongst the most affordable. The ease with which one can use bank transfers to move funds between the bank account and broker/exchange account offers a high level of convenience, which is missing in other options. Having stated all that, bank transfers take more time to process and you’ll need to be sure that the crypto platform does allow them, before signing up with any.


In a meeting with cabinet ministers, President Nicolas Maduro said it will launch the currency on 20 February. The night before the Petro’s release, Jimenez and his team found themselves at gunpoint — forced to hand over every piece of documentation they had on the technology. Following that night, the government removed Jimenez’s authorship of the project and declared him an enemy of the state. When Jimenez was eventually contacted by the government about his ideas, he was skeptical. He thought perhaps they were planning to arrest him for his advocacy, but to his utter shock, they were interested in adopting the technology. Check out CoinGeek’sBitcoin for Beginnerssection, the ultimate resource guide to learn more about Bitcoin—as originally envisioned by Satoshi Nakamoto—and blockchain.

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This has led Russia and its ally China to consider neutral oil payment alternatives to the dollar. And BitMEX co-founder Arthur Hayes believes that gold, or even bitcoin, could fulfil this need. The tale of Venezuela’s petro “cryptocurrency” gets another strange twist. One of the issues Petro faces in its quest for international recognition is the fact Google suspended Petro’s digital wallet app from its store. As a response, the Venezuelan government resorted to issuing certificates of purchase which serve as the proof of ownership as well as a makeshift “wallet”. To make the procedure run in line with administrative demands, the buyers of Petro are required to undergo know-your-customer verification which also includes fingerprinting.

If there’s a good variety available to you, you must analyse each one based on its strengths and weaknesses. In this regard, factors like cost, convenience and speed will come into play. Some of the most popular options include cryptocurrencies, PayPal, bank transfers and credit/debit cards.

A blockchain fork occurs when the blockchain diverts onto a separate chain of blocks. On August 20, 2018, the Petro was officially adopted as the country’s second official currency. On the same day, the transition from the Bolivar fuerte as the national fiat currency to the Bolivar soberano (“sovereign”) began at an exchange rate of 100,000 fuertes for one soberano. The Petro became the country’s second official currency on August 20, 2018.

The devaluation of its national currency, the Venezuelan bolivar was followed by the inflation rate which, back in July 2018, headed for one million percent value. Petro is now pegged to the bolivar in an effort to support the recovery of its fiat counterpart. According to an article published by Cointelegraph Spanish, only seven local crypto exchanges offer PTR for trade in Venezuela. Two government platforms, named Plataforma Patria and PetroApp, additionally allow speculators to access the token. None of these exchanges are technically available to an international audience.

It is supposedly backed by a portion of Venezuela’s massive oil reserves. Cryptocurrency enthusiasts love to talk about Venezuelan users as an example of bitcoin’s subversive potential – but the reality is more complex. Nicolas Maduro and his crypto supervisor were two of the Venezuelan officials indicted Thursday on claims they used crypto to conceal the profits from drug running. MicroStrategy announced that it generated revenue of $121.9 million in the first three months of 2023, a 2.2% rise from the same period last year, but the company booked an operating loss of $20.3 million. In this article, Kurt Wuckert Jr. shares his thoughts on Malcolm Gladwell’s The Tipping Point and how the mentioned principles determined Bitcoin’s tipping point.


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